Faneuil Hall, a meeting hall and marketplace since 1743, is best known as the site of speeches by Samuel Adams and others. The historic building, often called “the Cradle of Liberty,” is part of Boston National Historical Park and a favorite stop on the Freedom Trail. Peter Faneuil, a wealthy merchant, slave trader and philanthropist built Faneuil Hall and donated the edifice to Boston.
Copp’s Hill Burying Ground in the North End of Boston was established on Feb. 20, 1659, as North Burying Ground and is the second oldest cemetery in the city. The hill is named for William Copp, a shoemaker who once owned the land. Among those buried in the graveyard is Robert Newman, the patriot who placed the lanterns in the steeple of Old North Church for Paul Revere’s midnight ride.
Old North Church is famous as the location where the message of “one if by land, two if by sea” was sent. In April 1775, Paul Revere told a trio of Boston patriots to hang two lanterns in the steeple to indicate British troops were approaching by sea. The church, built in December 1723, was inspired by the works of Christopher Wren, a British architect responsible for rebuilding London after the Great Fire.
The Bunker Hill Monument was constructed to memorialize the June 17, 1775, Battle of Bunker Hill, one of the first major battles between British and Patriot forces during the American Revolution. The 221-foot-tall obelisk was erected between 1825 and 1843 in Charlestown, using granite from nearby Quincy. The Bunker Hill Museum, dedicated in June 2007, features exhibits about the battle.
The USS Constitution, a three-masted frigate, is the oldest commissioned warship in the world that is still afloat. The vessel, nicknamed America’s Ship of State, is one of the original six frigates of the United States Navy and served from 1797 until 1855. She served with distinction during the War of 1812. The ship’s crew are active duty U.S. Navy sailors. More than 500,000 people visit the Constitution annually. The vessel, named by George Washington, is berthed at Pier One in Charlestown Navy Yard and part of Boston’s Freedom Trail.
The Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway opened in October 2008 atop the Big Dig, the country’s most expensive highway project, in the heart of Boston. The 17-acre Greenway, named after Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, features plazas and a tree-lined promenade. The matriarch of the Kennedy Family was born in the neighboring North End neighborhood. Her son, former Sen. Ted Kennedy, a liberal from Massachusetts, was instrumental in establishing the Greenway.
Boston Common, often called the Common, is a central public park in Boston. It dates to 1634 and is the oldest city park in the country and declared a U.S. National Historic Landmark in 1987. Throughout history, the park has served as a meeting place for protests dating back to at least the early 18th century,