Cardiff Castle is a medieval castle and Victorian Gothic revival mansion in the center of Cardiff, Wales. Norman invaders built the original motte and bailey castle in the late 11th century on top of a 3rd-century Roman fort. During the mid-18th century, ownership of Cardiff Castle passed to the Stuart dynasty, specifically the Marquesses of Bute. John, 1st Marquess of Bute, employed Capability Brown and Henry Holland to redo the main range, turning it into a Georgian mansion. In addition to that, the castle grounds were landscaped, and numerous older medieval buildings and walls were demolished.
Cardiff Central Railway Station (Caerdydd Canolog in Welsh) is a significant station situated in the capital of Wales, Cardiff, on the South Wales Main Line. It serves as one of the city’s two primary urban rail network hubs, along with Cardiff Queen Street. The station was established in 1850 as Cardiff Station, later renamed to Cardiff General in 1924, and finally to Cardiff Central in 1973. Wales’s largest and busiest station is one of twenty railway stations in the city and one of two in the city center. Transport for Wales Rail manages the Grade II listed building.
The St John the Baptist Church in Cardiff, Wales, is a parish church listed as a Grade I building. It is the only church in the city center that dates back to pre-Medieval times and is also the only medieval building apart from Cardiff Castle. The church was constructed in 1180 as a chapel to serve as a smaller place of worship for St Mary’s Church. St Mary’s Church was established by Benedictine monks from Tewkesbury Abbey.